glossary
glossary
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benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)

This is enlargement of the prostate gland as part of the normal ageing process in men. This is under the hormonal control of testosterone. About 10% of men in their forties and up to 90% of men in their eighties have this enlargement of the prostate.


bladder

The bladder is an organ sited within the bony pelvis that stores urine (produced in the kidneys). The bladder empties at intervals expelling urine from the body.


bladder outflow obstruction (BOO)

This is a reduction in flow of urine out of the bladder due to high-pressure resistance. BPH can lead to BOO in some instances.


bone scan

A technique to create images of bones on a computer screen or on film. A small amount of radioactive material is injected into a blood vessel and travels through the bloodstream; it collects in the bones and is detected by a scanner.


brachytherapy

this a newer procedure made popular in the USA, whereby small radioactive needles are implanted into the prostate. This allows a local, high dose of radiation to penetrate and kill off the cancer cells.