glossary
glossary
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ileal conduit

An ileal conduit is a small urine reservoir that is surgically created from a small segment of bowel. This technique is a form of reconstructive surgery to replace the bladder or bypass obstructions or disease in the bladder so that urine can pass out of the body.


immunotherapy

Treatment to stimulate or restore the ability of the immune system to fight cancer, infections, and other diseases. Also used to lessen certain side effects that may be caused by some cancer treatments.


incontinence

This is the involuntary loss of urine. This can be due to bladder abnormality or sphincter (outlet) abnormalities.


intravenous urogram (IVU)

This is a special X-ray test where some dye is injected into a blood vessel of the arm and a series of x-rays are taken to outline the urinary tract. As the dye passes out in the urine, images of the kidneys, ureter and bladder can be seen and any abnormalities can be detected.


intravesical chemotherapy

The aim of this treatment is to treat the cancer and stop it from coming back. This is the main way of treating CIS . First you need to have a catheter (tube) put into your bladder and then the nurse puts the chemotherapy drug into your bladder through the catheter. Then the catheter may be taken out. You have to try not to pass any urine for the next two hours.

This gives the treatment time to work. You usually have this treatment weekly for 6 weeks. Your specialist may suggest you have more intravesical therapy 6 weeks after your last weekly treatment, and then 6 monthly for the next 2 to 3 years. This is called maintenance therapy.