This is a type of keyhole surgery to dissect the kidney from its surrounding tissues and remove the diseased kidney. See Laparoscopic Nephrectomy section for full explanation.
This is a local anaesthetic that is used in procedures such as flexible cystoscopy.
These are the symptoms that the patient notices when the urine flow is affected. Typical symptoms include hesitancy of urine flow, reduced urine flow, dribbling at the end of urination, urgency and frequency and also having to get up at night to pass water (nocturia). The combination of BPH and BOO can cause these symptoms to occur.