An oncologist is a medical specialist who manages patients with cancer. Your urologist will often involve an oncologist to advise and help with the management of patients with difficult urological cancers.
Oncologists may suggest the use of chemotherapy or radiotherapy as part of the management plan for your urological cancer.
This is an operation whereby a kidney is surgically removed. A large incision is made, usually over the line of one of the lower ribs or across one side of the abdomen.
A simple nephrectomy usually carried out for benign disease e.g. stone disease, infections (e.g. pyelonephritis), whereby just the kidney is removed.
A radical nephrectomy is an operation to remove a cancerous kidney and usually involves removing the kidney complete with its outer fatty covering, the adrenal gland and upper ureter.
This is a surgical procedure whereby the testicles are removed. It is usually carried out as an option in the treatment for advanced prostate cancer.
Removal of the testicles reduces the amount of testosterone in the body which in turn removes the "drive" for prostate cancer.