This is a thin muscular tube enabling urine to travel from the kidney down to the bladder
This is a procedure using a very small calibre telescope to look into the ureter which is the tube connecting the kidney to the bladder.
It is usually performed as part of the treatment for ureteric stones and also sometimes for investigation into the causes of haematuria. This is performed under general anaesthetic.
This is the tube (or waterpipe) leading from the bladder out of the body.
This is an infection of the urine, giving rise to symptoms of cystitis (pain on passing urine, urgency and frequency with occasional blood in the urine) or pyelonephritis (kidney infection).