This is an enlargement of the veins around the spermatic cord and testicle. This is normally the result of abnormal or incompetent valves within the veins that cause a build up of blood, causing dilatation of the veins around the testicle.
Classically the scrotum feels like a "bag of worms" when the patient is standing. The swelling is usually painless and more common on the left side.
Varicocoeles are possibly the cause of infertility in up to 40% of men who have attended infertility clinics.
This is a test to look at how the bladder is functioning when it fills and during emptying.
A rare inherited disorder characterized by the abnormal growth of tumors and/or cysts in the kidneys, eyes, brain, spinal cord, adrenal glands, and other parts of the body. While many of the tumors are benign (non-cancerous), some-especially those of the kidney-may be malignant (cancerous). Renal cell carcinomas are the major form of cancer in VHL disease and are seen in up to 45 percent of patients. The current standard treatment is surgical removal.