Q | what is bladder cancer?
A | Cancer develops when the cells of the body divide and reproduce in an uncontrolled manner to form a mass of tissue that can invade the surrounding organs and also spread to distant parts of the body (metastases).
The commonest type of bladder cancer is Transitional Cell Carcinoma (TCC), which arises from the inner lining of the bladder.
The majority of bladder cancers remain in this superficial lining and grow inwards towards the cavity of the bladder.
A more serious situation occurs when the cancer grows outwards into the muscle layers of the bladder and beyond invading surrounding organs and travelling to distant parts of the body (metastases).