Q | how is the diagnosis usually made?
A | Patients usually consult their GP with one or more of the symptoms described.
Your doctor will take a clinical history, including any risk factors. You will be asked to provide a urine sample, which will be tested for blood cells and sent off for microscopic examination.
Your doctor will examine you and this may include a rectal or vaginal examination. If there is any blood in the urine or a suspicion of bladder cancer your GP will then refer you to a urologist.
At the consultation with your urologist, the clinical history and examination will be confirmed.