bladder cancer

Q | are there any other investigations?

A | Once you have consulted with your urologist, a number of tests may be ordered. These include one or more of the following:

  • Urine tests. A number of urine tests will be used to exclude infection or abnormal cells within your urine.
  • Blood tests. A number of blood tests may be ordered that will check how well your kidneys are functioning and to see if you are anaemic.
  • An ultrasound of your urinary tract. This is to look at your kidneys and your bladder to see if there are any obvious abnormalities to be found.
  • KUB X-ray. KUB stands for kidney, ureter and bladder and it is a plain film to look at the urinary system and the abdomen as a whole. This plain X-ray usually reveals any obvious calcifications or stones within the urinary system that may be causing the blood in the urine.
  • Flexible cystoscopy. This is a test using a small telescope to examine the urethra and bladder to check for any obvious causes of your bleeding.
  • Intravenous urogram (IVU). This is a special X-ray test where some dye is injected into the arm and a series of x-rays are taken to outline the urinary tract. As the dye passes out in the urine, images of the kidneys, ureter and bladder can be seen and any abnormalities can be detected.
  • CT scan. This is a special type of x-ray scan whereby the urinary tract is examined again for any abnormalities. Dye is usually injected into a blood vessel of the arm to outline the system.