Q | what is a nephrectomy?
A | Nephrectomy is removal of a kidney.
A "simple" nephrectomy is carried out for non-cancerous conditions, which cause the kidney to become non-functioning. This includes kidney damage due to infection, obstruction, stones, and occasionally developmental abnormalities of the kidneys.
A "radical" nephrectomy is removal of the kidney with its surrounding fat and covering layer and the adrenal gland. This is carried out for cancerous diseases of the kidney such as Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC), when it is localised to the kidney.