patient information

metabolic stone analysis

Q | who needs MSA?

A | Once you have a stone, you are at risk of further stones. Patients who would benefit from MSA are those who would be considered in a stone "high risk" group and are as follows:

  • Stone in a single kidney
  • Bilateral stones
  • More than 1 Stone episode
  • Hypercalcaemia (high calcium states)
  • Gout
  • Under 40yrs old
  • Medullary sponge kidney (a congenital abnormality where the kidney deposits calcium within the kidney which can form stones)
  • Positive family history